How to Educate Diabetic Patients? – Overview
There is no one-size-fits-all treatment for diabetes, and the intensity and number of symptoms vary considerably between people.
Educating people about the diabetes epidemic is critical because it is a growing concern for many folks worldwide.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there are currently 37.3 million Americans living with diabetes. A quarter of them is unaware that they have the disease.
It is essential to educate patients on why they must pay attention to their body’s signals to maintain optimal metabolic health.
They also need to know that symptoms of diabetes, primarily type 2, can vary because it affects every cell in the body. The following topics should be the basis of your education.
What Are The Causes Of Diabetes?
Different factors can cause diabetes, but the following are the most common factors.
- Family history and genes
- Hormonal diseases such as Hyperthyroidism, Cushing’s syndrome, and Acromegaly
- Certain medications
Different Types of Diabetes
There are primarily three different forms of diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
Even though type 1 diabetes can start at any age, it is most common in kids and teens. Its main characteristic is a lack of insulin production, necessitating daily insulin injections to keep blood glucose levels in check.
You can make diabetes management for your child easier by getting medical insurance that covers diabetic treatment.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is more prevalent in adults and responsible for approximately 90 percent of all diabetes cases in the United States.
It is possible to get type 2 diabetes if your body does not correctly utilize its insulin.
The most effective treatment for type 2 diabetes is lifestyle modifications that include physical activity and a healthful diet.
To keep their blood glucose levels under control, the vast majority of persons with type 2 diabetes will require oral medications and/or insulin over time, according to the American Diabetes Association.
Gestational Diabetes (GDM)
Gestational diabetes (GDM) is a kind of diabetes that manifests itself as high blood glucose levels during pregnancy. It can lead to difficulties for both the mother and the unborn child.
After pregnancy, gestational diabetes usually fades, but women who have it and their children are more likely to acquire type 2 diabetes later.
What Are The Common Symptoms Of Diabetes?
As earlier stated, the intensity of diabetes symptoms varies from one person to the next. However, the following are the most common of them.
- Blurred vision
- Body shakes
- Bruises or any other skin infections that take too long to heal
- Dry skin and mouth
- Frequent urination
- Increased appetite
- Sudden unexplained weight loss
- Tingling sensation on the hands, arms, legs and feet
- Too much thirst
Diabetes Management Strategies
Diabetes has no cure. However, with self-care and great management strategies, anyone with the disease can live a long healthy life.
Here are the basic self-care strategies for diabetes management.
1. Eat A Healthy Diabetic-Friendly Diet
Diet is one of the most frustrating aspects of diabetes self-management. Creating a diet plan that will not spike your blood sugar levels is not an easy task.
Fortunately, you can use various diabetic-friendly diets without worrying about negative consequences.
Among the most effective are the vegetarian diet, The Mediterranean Diet, The Low-Carb Diet, The Zone Diet, The Paleo Diet, and The Alkaline Diet, to name a few examples.
You can also consult with a registered dietitian competent in diabetes-specific nutrition.
When it comes to controlling blood sugar levels, dietary changes alone are not enough for some people.
Diabetes is a degenerative condition that can deteriorate over time because of its progression.
The American Diabetes Association recommends medication and nutrition therapy to achieve blood sugar targets.
1. Practice Portion Control
Even if you feel too hungry to eat more, you should refrain from doing so. Measure or weigh your food into the fitting portion servings to avoid spiking your glucose levels by overeating.
Half of your plate should have proteins and fiber-rich veggies in every meal.
2. Exercise More
When you have diabetes, any amount of physical movement is preferable to nothing at all. Choose activities that you enjoy and gradually increase your participation in them to grow healthy habits.
In addition to helping your body lose weight, exercise has the added benefit of naturally lowering your blood sugar levels.
Diabetes management boils down to two things: self-care and awareness. You can accomplish this by adopting a healthier way of life, including consuming nutritious food portions.
Count your carbs to make sure you do not go over your carb limit, and ensure that every meal you eat contains a good balance of fiber-rich vegetables, proteins, healthy fats, fruits, and a variety of starches to keep your blood sugar stable.
In addition, you should increase your physical activity, eat mindfully, drink plenty of water, and coordinate your medications with your diet.
I am a dedicated healthcare researcher and an enthusiast specializing in medical grants, medical education and research. Through my articles, I aim to empower healthcare professionals and researchers with valuable insights and resources to navigate these critical aspects effectively.