What is Sonography? – Sonography, often referred to as a sonogram, is a medical procedure that includes sound waves. The sound waves or ultrasound produce images of internal organs, muscles, tissues, and more from inside the body.
With the help of sonography, medical professionals can look at the functioning of the heart. Even after a heart attack, the device can pick the damages to that particular area. In addition to this, sonography can check fetuses in pregnant women.
What Is Sonography? – Know the Categories
There are different kinds of patients’ medical professional experiences. They can help them by identifying their injuries, share more information about the surgery, and much more. The categories are divided into different specialties.
Take a look at how the sonographers play their roles.
- Gynaecological: Here, the sonographer determines the abdominal area and the organs in the pelvic region. He or she can also assess the pregnancy and share information about the due date, fetus development, and much more.
- Cardiac: Here, it is all about taking 3D images of the heart, its condition, and if any damage is there. Heart patients need to get this done if they are obese or prone to risks of cardiac failure.
- Vascular: The medical professional or a sonographer determines the blood flow inside the body. Meanwhile, it is also helpful to know more about the arteries, veins, etc. Blood clots or blockages can be determined in real-time.
- Muscles & Skeleton: This kind of sonography is helpful to identify discomfort in patients. It can be because of the muscles, ligaments, nerves, etc.
- Breast sonography for women: Normally done to identify if there is the possibility of cancer. Meanwhile, if a patient has received a report of an abnormal mammogram, the sonography can further check issues.
The Sonography Test
When it comes to sonography, it is not a piece of cake that any person can perform the procedure. A medical professional with appropriate education and training has to perform it. Advanced knowledge of human anatomy and an understanding of physics are necessary.
A sonographer is qualified to perform the test or exam. A specialized piece of equipment called a transducer is placed on the patient’s body. The area is scanned, which collects images of the internal organs. These images are stored and printed as hard copies. Further, the doctor checks the report and diagnoses the patient while sharing treatment steps.
Sonographers have some responsibilities, which can include the following:
- Explaining the sonography procedure to patients
- Obtaining images of the internal organs and status using the equipment
- Analyzing the images and tallying with the results obtained
- Identifying various conditions found during the examination
- Preparing a checklist of all the findings that the doctors need
Purpose of the Test
Sonography is a medical procedure that can show what’s good or bad inside the patient’s body. It can help in diagnosing various medical conditions without opting for surgery. When it comes to the abdomen, it helps in finding gallstones, kidney stones, liver ailments, cysts, pregnancies, and other conditions.
In addition to the abdomen area’s diagnosis, sonography helps identify bone and joint conditions, breast lumps, glands, blood flow, etc. Further, it can help the patient to know the state without exposing to significant levels of radiation. Because of this, CT scans or MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) can be avoided.
Benefits of Sonography
With the modern-day era and technological advancement, sonography has become much more sophisticated. At the same time, the diagnostic tools have taken imaging to the next level. Insights about the human body and internal organs can be fetched as a visual representation. Please take a look at some of the benefits it delivers in various conditions.
- Pregnancy: Either it is a high-risk pregnancy or premature delivery; doctors can help in this condition. It is safe for both the mother and the fetus as the sound waves are not harmful.
- Breast imaging: Sonography helps in identifying the early stages of breast cancer. It enables the patients with a better survival rate. Further, it is helpful if abnormal mammography was found and can become a guide for breast biopsies.
- Heart risks: Helps the patients by avoiding heart risks and other conditions. Abnormalities can be checked along with stroke and hypertension disorders.
- Prostate cancer: It being the most common among American men, there is a chance of family history. Early detection is a boon for the patients, and sonography does it right by identifying the issues.
Wrap it Up
Sonography is the safest option for patients. They can quickly know about the status of their internal organs – a non-invasive technique to help patients identify their disorders in the first place.