How to Educate Patients About Medications
Some people find it difficult to take their medications at the appropriate time and dosage, while others do it with ease.
Many patients, particularly those who are elderly, are prone to making serious medication miscalculations.
In fact, according to statistics, roughly 75% of Americans have trouble adhering to their medication as instructed.
A good number to call a helpline each minute because of misjudging their medication dosage.
Patients are bound to make mistakes, but they can minimize the likelihood of making them with the proper education.
Caregivers should concentrate on the following areas to help patients minimize medication errors and fully comprehend what to do if they have issues or queries regarding their meds.
1. The Importance of Following the Given Instructions
Advise the patient of the significance of taking the medication according to the instructions.
Medical adherence, as defined as taking prescription medications in the correct dosage, at the appropriate time, in the proper manner, and with the required frequency, is important for them to understand.
This aids in the management of any continuing chronic conditions, the effective treatment of short-term illnesses, and the optimization of their overall health and wellness.
2. Educate the Patient about Drug Misuse and the Possible Side Effects
Patient education is critical in ensuring that they understand why they are taking the medication prescribed at that specific dosage rather than any other otter medication.
They should be aware that taking any medication in a manner other than that prescribed by the doctor constitutes prescription drug misuse or abuse. It could be something like this:
- By using medication for a different purpose, such as to get high
- The use of medications prescribed for another person
- They are administering the medication differently than they should.
- They are taking a higher dose than they should be.
Every medication carries a small but significant risk of side effects, some of which are potentially fatal. Misuse of certain prescription medications can result in addiction.
While at it, you should also tell them what to do in case of any possible side effects. The first thing is to discontinue taking the medication and seek an alternative from their doctor.
3. Is The Cost Of The Medication Too High?
Some patients choose not to take their medication not because they do not want to but rather because they cannot afford it.
PawnGuru, an online marketplace that performs regular surveys on a wide variety of topics impacting low-income Americans, carried out a comprehensive flash poll of over 1,000 U.S. adults in which 44 percent said they had not purchased at least one essential prescribed medication because of cost within the previous year.
Many Americans find taking and refilling their medications regularly to be prohibitively expensive.
What can you do to assist? If they do not have health insurance and have difficulty affording medication, they can apply for medical bill grants to help with the expenses.
If the medication does not come with any instructions on how to store it, provide the patient with the best advice you can on accomplishing this.
They should keep their prescriptions stored in a cool, dry place away from heat and direct sunlight.
Keeping tablets and capsules in the bathroom, near the kitchen sink, or in other wet areas is not advisable.
They should not leave their medication in their vehicle for a prolonged time. They should keep all medications out of the reach of children and pets.
5. Encourage the Patients to ask Questions
Do not lay out everything to the patients expecting them to take it all in.
You have to remember that the health profession, the terms used, the names of the medication and even the description of their conditions might be difficult for them to understand.
Encourage them to ask questions where they do not get you and on anything else, they want to ask.
6. Be Friendly and Sensitive To the Patients’ Needs
In some cases, you might encounter a patient who does not want to deal with anyone else who is not their ethnicity, age, religion, or gender.
Do not push your luck with such a patient but get them to whom they will feel free to talk.
However, you should try as much as possible to create a safe setting for them to open up easily and ask anything they want.
If you are friendly and approachable enough, they might not even wish to seek help from anyone else.
Medication safety is very important and deserves as much priority as any other health issue. Many patients do not even know why they take the medication prescribed to them.
They do not know what would happen if they abused the drugs or skipped their daily dosage.
A little education goes a long way in making it safe and worthwhile for their health and overall wellbeing.